Adderall is a drug composed of amphetamine. It is used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and for the improvement of cognitive functions. Adderall is a mixture of four types of amphetamine salts. Initially, the drug with similar composition but different name (Obetrol) was used for weight loss and appetite suppression. Adderall was approved by the FDA in 1996 for the treatment of ADHD. It is manufactured on the basis of the well-known psychoactive substance amphetamine (which, in different doses, can have different effects), which causes many of the side effects of the drug.
Read also Adderall Drug Information
Most common side effects of Adderall
- Unpleasant taste or dry mouth;
- Loss of appetite and weight loss;
- Periodic increase in pressure;
- Mood swings;
- Sleep problems – insomnia;
- Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, heartburn and discomfort in the stomach;
- Anxiety, fatigue;
- Increase in body temperature.
The list of common side effects of Adderall often includes infections, especially infections of the genitourinary system. However, there is no direct evidence that these conditions occur more frequently during treatment with Adderall. This kind of infections is very common in itself, and was simply identified in the survey of people who received the drug. That is, treatment with this drug took place during existing or emerging infection.
Most patients tolerate treatment with Adderall, and if they have side effects, it is only in the first few weeks of taking the drug. However, it is impossible to predict the possibility of side effects let alone their severity in each specific individual. Therefore, each patient must be aware of possible side effects and inform the doctor if the side effects occur at any stage of treatment with Adderall. There are side effects, which must be treated with care, as they may be followed by more serious complications.
Potentially dangerous side effects of Adderall
- Malfunctions in the heart – rhythm disorder, severe tachycardia
- Chest pain;
- Very high blood pressure, hypertensive crisis;
- Frequent headaches, blurred vision (may be signs of high blood pressure due to treatment with Adderall);
- Loss of consciousness, fainting, severe dizziness, double vision;
- Convulsions, hand tremors;
- Uncontrolled movement of the neck, head, hands, feet, lips, called tics;
- Breathing difficulty, shortness of breath;
- Allergic reactions: swelling of the face, eyelids, throat, etc., redness of the mucous membranes, conjunctivitis, rash;
- Sudden changes in emotional state, behavioral disorders, aggressiveness, severe depression, suicidal thoughts, hallucinations (perception of sounds, sights and sensations that do not exist in reality).
Many of the above side effects may be warnings of a heart attack (chest pain, malfunctions in the heart) or stroke (dizziness, loss of consciousness). There are less common side effects of the drug, which occur very rarely. That is why it is difficult to confidently assert that treatment with Adderall is their main cause.
Rare side effects of Adderall
- Increased sweating;
- Fatigue and weakness;
- Reduced sexual activity;
- Tourette syndrome;
- Vocal tics (uncontrolled utterance of sounds).
Prolonged treatment with high doses of the drug can lead to addiction and drug dependence on Adderall.
Side effects in men
In men, there were rare cases of impotence while taking Adderall.
Side effects in women
In some cases, women have shown a decline in sexual drive or difficulty reaching orgasm during treatment.
Side effects in children
In children, Adderall can cause a slight slowdown in growth. Typically, growth slows down gradually, and in very small values. Most often, this goes unnoticed because children will still retain growth indicators within the age norm. After stopping treatment, this side effect disappears.
During treatment with Adderall, children and adolescents experience suicidal thoughts more frequently. Therefore, if a child has a similar problem, it is necessary you inform the doctor about this before taking the drug, as well as adjust the dose or select a different remedy together with the doctor. If higher doses of the drug are used in treating children, the likelihood of these same side effects as in adults increases.
The effects of long-term use of Adderall are unknown. In addition, there is evidence of increased cardiac risk and worsening of existing heart problems during treatment. Another fact about this drug that one needs to be aware of is that in 2005, the use of Adderall was suspended in Canada due to 12 cases of deaths that occurred among children taking this drug. However, after this, studies were conducted which found no direct link between treatment with this drug and deaths. Soon the FDA again allowed the use of this drug.
It is impossible to determine whether each specific individual manifests side effects. Nevertheless, in many people, treatment with Adderall is generally without side effects. So, if this drug is prescribed to you, follow all the doctor’s advice, warnings specified in the instructions, and closely monitor your health condition, especially in the first week of treatment. If you experience any of the side effects described, or other unexpected changes in your health condition, be sure to report them to the doctor.